The House of Lords
The UK parliament, situated in the Palace of Westminster, is divided into two Houses. The lower, is a democratically elected assembly of 650 MP’s known as the House of Commons and the upper, known as the House of Lords is currently comprised of 799 individuals.
The chamber of the Lords is distinguished from the Commons by its red-upholstered seats and the fact that apart from 92 hereditary peers( a number that was determined in 1999 by the House of Lords Act), all members are appointed by the monarch on the advise of the prime minister or the House of Lords Appointment Commission,
Members are drawn from the peerage and are divided into two distinct categories, the Lords Spiritual and the Lords Temporal.
The Lords Spiritual consist of 26 bishops of the Church of England, while the Lords Temporal are compromised of the hereditary peers plus those who have been appointed via the hours system.
Bills that have been passed in the House of Commons, move to the House of Lords for scrutiny and although the Lords can not prevent a bill becoming law, it is able to force the Commons to amend their decisions and re-write and re-consider particular details.
A procedure which may become long-winded and irksome for the Commons in many circumstances.
There have been several attempts to discard all hereditary peers from the Lords and to change the chamber into an elected body, but so far only the limitation of the number of hereditary peers has been successful.
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