The Scottish Parliament
A referendum in 1997 in Scotland led to the Scottish electorate choosing to have a devolved government of their own, able to pass laws on a whole series of areas, separate from Westminster and the United Kingdom government.
There are 129 members of the Scottish Parliament (MSP’s) who are democratically elected to represent 73 constituencies on a first-past-the-post system plus 56 members who are elected from a further eight regions.
Although there was an independent Scottish Parliament from the thirteenth to the early eighteenth century, the first meeting of the new Parliament took place on 12 May 1999.
In 2004 the new parliament building (see above) situated in Holyrood in Edinburgh became the seat of power for the Scottish government.
The First Minister of Scotland is elected by the other MSP’s in the same manner in which the Prime Minister is chosen, and the Presiding Officer is also elected and fulfils the same role as his counterpart The Speaker in the House of Commons.
So far there have been five Scottish parliamentary elections in 1999, 2003, 2007, 2011 and 2016 and there have been five First Ministers.
Theresa May might have hoped, that as she confronts the weighty matters of the day, like Brexit, that she could count on her ministers to take care of business on the domestic front. However, the Northern Rail crisis is becoming a real béte…