The United Nations
At the end of WW II, nations of the world were galvanised to maintain global peace and avert the chaos that had been caused. This mission led to the formation of the European Community, NATO and the largest organisation of all The United Nations.
Founded in 1945, its purpose was clear from its Charter which set out its intentions as:
Maintaining worldwide peace and security
Developing relations among nations
Fostering co-operation to solve economic, social, cultural and humanitarian international problems.
There are six main cogs of the United Nations’ organisation, the General Assembly, the Security Council, the Trusteeship Council, the International Court of Justice and the Secretariat.
Currently 193 Member States adhere to the Charter, with each taking a place in the General Assembly having passed the scrutiny of the Security Council.
Although the official headquarters of the organisation are based in New York, meetings of the various wings take place across the globe, depending on the topic.
The spokesperson for the United Nations, holding the position for a period of five years is the Secretary-General, of which there have so far been nine incumbents. Described as the chief administrative officer the position is decided by a series of polls among the members of The Security Council on a number of nominees until a unanimous winner is revealed.
The current Secretary-General is Portugese Antonio Guterres who took over the role in January 2017, although it had been hoped that a woman might fill the position for the first time in its history.